Between the vineyards of Cyprus, we come to about fifteen varieties which can be considered to be indigenous to the island. In recent years the native varieties of wine grapes outweigh the preferences of the local producers as a means of promoting the Cyprus tradition.

Mavro (Black): Is the dominant variety of the vine of Cyprus, which produces red wine, balanced, slightly sour with a lot of tannins, distinctive flavor and color, which is not susceptible of long aging. The vineyards of “Mavro” cover the largest part of the area of the total production of the island (79%). Although it is considered a native variety of the Cypriot land, in accordance with Dr. Pierre Galet is grown just as in Crete and Kythira. Mavro is one of the two varieties (in combination with the Xynisteri) are used for the production of Koumandaria.

Xynisteri: Is the greatest white wine grape variety of the Cypriot vineyard. Produces extremely light-colored wine, with low alcohol levels and low acidity, in particular when it is extracted from the areas Laonas Akamas, Ampeliti , Panagia Mountain and Pitsilia and in a few areas of wine-making villages. The name of this variety appeared for the first time in 1893 by the French professor Mouillefert who provided a full description of the vine and information on its cultivation. The Xynisteri, in combination with Black, is used for the production of Koumandaria and other sweet and dry white wines.

Maratheftiko or Vamvakada: Red variety found in the whole area of Cyprus. The Maratheftiko was recorded for the first time in 1893 by the Mouillefert with the name “Marathofiko”. Considered a variety of superior quality which offers a very concentrated wine, deeply colored and full-bodied with a distinct, slightly fruity aroma of cherry and blackberry. However, the spread is more difficult in comparison with Black, since on the one hand, is very sensitive to mold and on the other hand, is characterized by a great fall flower which makes it difficult for the production.

Lefkada: Greek red grape variety which is cultivated in Cyprus, and is found in isolated cases among the vineyards of Pitsilia and Panagia. After ripening, this variety produces quite a tart fruit with intense red color and intense, characteristic aroma, which, however, disappears easily during the process of ageing.

Promara: White variety which produces an aromatic wine. The samples collected come from the vineyards of Omodos and Kyperounda. The variety known as Μπαστάρτικο and is located in the district of Panagia is identical with that of Promaras. The bunch of this variety is of medium size, conical, and quite compact and the grapes of the small, oval, and greenish-yellow.

Spourtiko: White variety whose name derives from the juicy nature of the grape, whose fragile skin is easily separated. This variety has been found in several vineyards of Omodos, of Kyperounda and of the region of Panagia. The wine produced from this variety is characterized by pale yellow color with aromas of flowers.

Giannoudi: A Variety of black sterility, grapes, oval, large, with bluish-black in color, fleshy and colorless juice. It is a variety that gives a wine with an intense aroma and high acidity.